KAPER FIELD SPANIELS

Health of FS

Health of the Field Spaniel

            All of today’s Field Spaniels throughout the world can be traced back to 4 dogs from the 1960’s.  This means that all our dogs share a very close gene pool.

         Luckily, this limited gene pool has kept out some of the severely disabling genetic problems that plague many other breeds. Unfortunately, there are some problems that we do have that are at least in part genetic and which we need to be diligent in our breeding programs to try to reduce or eliminate.   Breeders need to open and honest with one another when it comes to sharing information related to all health conditions of not only the dogs being bred but also of the other close relatives of the breeding pair.

Most breeders of Fields are careful not to “double up” on any type of health condition or fault in the dogs being bred.  Breeders must be willing to do the homework involved in testing and selecting mates for their dogs that will serve to improve upon the health of the dogs, as well as achieving the many other objectives with their breeding programs. Because Fields are rare, it has been necessary to breed to improve some dogs that may have one problem or another. With each generation breeders hope to gain better dogs and to eventually eliminate or minimize incidence of health problems.

I've included 2 separate health survey information results below.  The first one below is from the FSSA and the second one below was more recently done on the OFA website.

            The Field Spaniel Society of America (FSSA) health survey has confirmed that cancer is the breed’s reported number one killer. The Field Spaniel breed has a notable incidence of ear infections (not uncommon in among the pendelous eared spaniel family), allergies, hypothyroidism, hip dysplasia and eyelid problems.  There was a minimal number of reports of elbow problems (only one case), and only a very few reports of specified cardiopulmonary/hematology problems (including only one incidence of Von Willebrand’s Disease.)  After this survey was conducted there were some newly diagnosed incidents of heart murmurs which have caused some concern among breeders. Not noted in these survey results was the problem of bad “bites” or dental problems (which several FS actually have), nor was there a category in this section of the survey to report on actual incidence of temperament problems, which while fairly rare in the USA, should still be a significant concern for breeders and owners.

FSSA Health Survey results (survey conducted 11/02 thru 3/03) taken from the FSSA Newsletter Fall 2004.  666 dogs were reported in this section of the survey.     

Percent

of   Dogs:                    Health Category:

25.11               Ear Problems (including 16.37% ear infections, 3.36% ear wax, 1 dog or 0.22 deafness)                                                                           

20.18               Skin Disorders including allergies, hot spots and undefined dermatological

19.73               Musculoskeletal Conditions including 6.05% Hip - CHD? And 0.22% elbow disorder (1 dog reported).

19.06               Ophthalmic (including 1 dog with PRA or 0.22% and 2.47% adult cataracts and nearly 4% eye lid problems and 9.64% other eye defects/disorders)

16.82               Reproduction

10.99               Gastrointestinal (mostly nonspecific)

 9.87                Endocrine Disorders including 8.97% incidence of Hypothyroidism                       

 8.30                Cancers

 4.71                CardioPulmonary/Hematology including only 3 instances of congenital problems (or .67% of total dogs) and 17 undefined problems (this is what was reported prior to a finding of heart murmurs in some breed members which were later discussed in the Fall 2004 newsletter)

 4.26                Urinary System Problems

 3.81                Neurological Disorders

 3.81                Drug Reactions

 2.69                Immune Mediated Diseases

 

THE RESULTS BELOW ARE TAKEN FROM THE OFA OFFICIAL WEBSITE SHOWING THE RESULTS OF THE FIELD SPANIEL HEALTH SURVEY DONE RECENTLY: (The OFA is the orthopedic Foundation for Animals and contains a data base of dogs that you can check to see the individual health clearance test results  for AKC registered dog - searchable by AKC name and by AKC registration number.)

  It is advisable to go to the OFA website to look up the parents and vertical health pedigree of any puppy you may be considering adding to your family. The OFA website is a valuable resource tool for researching the health pedigree background of dogs when breeders are making breeding decisions. Note, however, that not all health test screening results are posted on the OFA website...The link to that site is www.offa.org

 
FIELD SPANIEL HEALTH SURVEY-FINAL
    All Responding
476
  Males only
224
  Females only
243
  New or repeat user for survey
    Have you taken this survey previously for another dog?
    Y   329  (69.1%)
    N   139  (29.2%)
 
  Dog Information
    What sex is this dog?
    MALE   224  (47.1%)   224  (100%)   0  (0%)
    FEMALE   243  (51.1%)   0  (0%)   243  (100%)
 
    Is this dog still living?
    Y   315  (66.2%)   142  (63.4%)   172  (70.8%)
    N   153  (32.1%)   81  (36.2%)   71  (29.2%)
 
    Is this dog spayed/neutered?
    Y   207  (43.5%)   71  (31.7%)   136  (56%)
    N   260  (54.6%)   151  (67.4%)   107  (44%)
 
  Age at death
    At what age did this dog die?
    BETWEEN 6 MONTHS AND 2 YEARS   10  (2.1%)   6  (2.7%)   4  (1.6%)
    FROM 5 TO 10 YEARS OF AGE   47  (9.9%)   29  (12.9%)   18  (7.4%)
    FROM 2 TO 5 YEARS OF AGE   6  (1.3%)   5  (2.2%)   1  (0.4%)
    OVER 14 YEARS OF AGE   18  (3.8%)   9  (4%)   9  (3.7%)
    FROM 10 TO 14 YEARS OF AGE   67  (14.1%)   29  (12.9%)   37  (15.2%)
    0 TO 6 MONTHS   6  (1.3%)   3  (1.3%)   3  (1.2%)
 
  Age at spay/neuter
    At what age was this dog spayed/neutered?
    BETWEEN 6 MONTHS AND 2 YEARS   54  (11.3%)   24  (10.7%)   30  (12.3%)
    FROM 5 TO 10 YEARS OF AGE   83  (17.4%)   23  (10.3%)   60  (24.7%)
    FROM 2 TO 5 YEARS OF AGE   40  (8.4%)   10  (4.5%)   30  (12.3%)
    OVER 10 YEARS OF AGE   6  (1.3%)   2  (0.9%)   4  (1.6%)
    0-6 MONTHS   25  (5.3%)   13  (5.8%)   12  (4.9%)
 
  Has your dog been diagnosed with any of the following health issues?
    Cancer or Tumors?
    Y   79  (16.6%)   29  (12.9%)   50  (20.6%)
    N   361  (75.8%)   178  (79.5%)   181  (74.5%)
 
    Gastrointestinal disorders?
    Y   34  (7.1%)   16  (7.1%)   18  (7.4%)
    N   405  (85.1%)   190  (84.8%)   213  (87.7%)
 
    Cardiovascular disorders?
    Y   40  (8.4%)   17  (7.6%)   23  (9.5%)
    N   394  (82.8%)   188  (83.9%)   204  (84%)
 
    Respiratory disorders?
    Y   9  (1.9%)   4  (1.8%)   5  (2.1%)
    N   425  (89.3%)   200  (89.3%)   223  (91.8%)
 
    Eye disorders?
    Y   50  (10.5%)   21  (9.4%)   29  (11.9%)
    N   385  (80.9%)   183  (81.7%)   200  (82.3%)
 
    Ear disorders?
    Y   50  (10.5%)   26  (11.6%)   24  (9.9%)
    N   385  (80.9%)   180  (80.4%)   203  (83.5%)
 
    Neurological and/or Muscular disorders?
    Y   33  (6.9%)   14  (6.3%)   19  (7.8%)
    N   403  (84.7%)   192  (85.7%)   209  (86%)
 
    Skin disorders?
    Y   46  (9.7%)   26  (11.6%)   20  (8.2%)
    N   388  (81.5%)   180  (80.4%)   206  (84.8%)
 
    Liver disorders?
    Y   10  (2.1%)   6  (2.7%)   4  (1.6%)
    N   417  (87.6%)   198  (88.4%)   217  (89.3%)
 
    Orthopedic disorders?
    Y   82  (17.2%)   38  (17%)   44  (18.1%)
    N   357  (75%)   171  (76.3%)   184  (75.7%)
 
    Blood/Lymph disorders?
    Y   19  (4%)   8  (3.6%)   11  (4.5%)
    N   406  (85.3%)   193  (86.2%)   211  (86.8%)
 
    Endocrine disorders?
    Y   27  (5.7%)   18  (8%)   9  (3.7%)
    N   406  (85.3%)   187  (83.5%)   217  (89.3%)
 
    Kidney disorders?
    Y   4  (0.8%)   1  (0.4%)   3  (1.2%)
    N   427  (89.7%)   201  (89.7%)   224  (92.2%)
 
    Reproductive disorders?
    Y   35  (7.4%)   11  (4.9%)   24  (9.9%)
    N   394  (82.8%)   191  (85.3%)   201  (82.7%)
 
    Temperament disorders?
    Y   32  (6.7%)   19  (8.5%)   13  (5.3%)
    N   406  (85.3%)   187  (83.5%)   217  (89.3%)
 
    Dental disorders?
    Y   30  (6.3%)   15  (6.7%)   15  (6.2%)
    N   404  (84.9%)   191  (85.3%)   211  (86.8%)
 
  Cancer/Tumor Types
    What cancer types has this dog been diagnosed with?
    SEBACEOUS GLAND TUMORS   3  (0.6%)   1  (0.4%)   2  (0.8%)
    PROSTATE CANCER   1  (0.2%)   1  (0.4%)   0  (0%)
    OTHER CANCER   8  (1.7%)   3  (1.3%)   5  (2.1%)
    OSTEOSARCOMA   4  (0.8%)   3  (1.3%)   1  (0.4%)
    MELANOMA   6  (1.3%)   3  (1.3%)   3  (1.2%)
    MAST CELL TUMOR   7  (1.5%)   3  (1.3%)   4  (1.6%)
    MAMMARY CANCER   24  (5%)   0  (0%)   24  (9.9%)
    LYMPHOMA   3  (0.6%)   3  (1.3%)   0  (0%)
    LYMPHATIC CANCER   1  (0.2%)   1  (0.4%)   0  (0%)
    LUNG CANCER   3  (0.6%)   0  (0%)   3  (1.2%)
    LIVER CANCER   5  (1.1%)   0  (0%)   5  (2.1%)
    LEUKEMIA   1  (0.2%)   0  (0%)   1  (0.4%)
    HEMANGIOSARCOMA   5  (1.1%)   2  (0.9%)   3  (1.2%)
    FIBROSARCOMA   2  (0.4%)   1  (0.4%)   1  (0.4%)
    BENIGN TUMOR   16  (3.4%)   7  (3.1%)   9  (3.7%)
 
  Gastrointestinal Problems
    What types of gastrointestinal problems has this dog been diagnosed with?
    OTHER   9  (1.9%)   5  (2.2%)   4  (1.6%)
    MEGAESOPHAGUS   2  (0.4%)   1  (0.4%)   1  (0.4%)
    COLITIS   7  (1.5%)   4  (1.8%)   3  (1.2%)
    INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE   7  (1.5%)   1  (0.4%)   6  (2.5%)
    BLOAT/GASTRIC TORSION   4  (0.8%)   2  (0.9%)   2  (0.8%)
 
  Cardiac Disorders
    What cardiac disorders has this dog been diagnosed with?
    TRICUSPID VALVE DEFECT   1  (0.2%)   0  (0%)   1  (0.4%)
    SUBAORTIC STENOSIS   1  (0.2%)   0  (0%)   1  (0.4%)
    PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSIS   2  (0.4%)   1  (0.4%)   1  (0.4%)
    OTHER   3  (0.6%)   2  (0.9%)   1  (0.4%)
    HEART MURMUR   22  (4.6%)   9  (4%)   13  (5.3%)
    MITRAL VALVE DEFECT   4  (0.8%)   1  (0.4%)   3  (1.2%)
    DEGENERATIVE VALVE DISEASE   3  (0.6%)   0  (0%)   3  (1.2%)
    CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE   11  (2.3%)   5  (2.2%)   6  (2.5%)
    CARDIOMYOPATHY   1  (0.2%)   1  (0.4%)   0  (0%)
 
  Respiratory Disorders
    What respiratory disorders has this dog been diagnosed with?
    ELONGATED SOFT PALATE   1  (0.2%)   1  (0.4%)   0  (0%)
    OTHER   3  (0.6%)   1  (0.4%)   2  (0.8%)
 
  Eye disorders
    What eye disorders has this dog been diagnosed with?
    RETINAL FOLDS   11  (2.3%)   5  (2.2%)   6  (2.5%)
    RETINAL DYSPLASIA   3  (0.6%)   0  (0%)   3  (1.2%)
    OTHER   14  (2.9%)   6  (2.7%)   8  (3.3%)
    LENS LUXATION   1  (0.2%)   0  (0%)   1  (0.4%)
    JUVENILE CATARACTS   2  (0.4%)   2  (0.9%)   0  (0%)
    GLAUCOMA   2  (0.4%)   1  (0.4%)   1  (0.4%)
    ENTROPION   3  (0.6%)   2  (0.9%)   1  (0.4%)
    ECTROPION   1  (0.2%)   0  (0%)   1  (0.4%)
    DRY EYE   5  (1.1%)   3  (1.3%)   2  (0.8%)
    DISTICHIASIS   4  (0.8%)   0  (0%)   4  (1.6%)
    CORNEAL ULCER   1  (0.2%)   0  (0%)   1  (0.4%)
    CHERRY EYE   2  (0.4%)   2  (0.9%)   0  (0%)
    SENILE CATARACTS   6  (1.3%)   1  (0.4%)   5  (2.1%)
 
  Ear disorders
    What ear disorders has this dog been diagnosed with?
    OTHER   5  (1.1%)   4  (1.8%)   1  (0.4%)
    DEAFNESS   8  (1.7%)   2  (0.9%)   6  (2.5%)
    CHRONIC EAR INFECTION   35  (7.4%)   17  (7.6%)   18  (7.4%)
 
  Neurologic disorders
    What neurological and/or muscular disorders has this dog been diagnosed with?
    OTHER   7  (1.5%)   3  (1.3%)   4  (1.6%)
    LUMBOSACRAL STENOSIS   1  (0.2%)   1  (0.4%)   0  (0%)
    INTERVERTEBRAL DISC DISEASE   3  (0.6%)   1  (0.4%)   2  (0.8%)
    EPILEPSY DIAGNOSED AFTER 8   5  (1.1%)   1  (0.4%)   4  (1.6%)
    EPILEPSY DIAGNOSED BETWEEN 5 AND 8 YEARS OF AGE   10  (2.1%)   5  (2.2%)   5  (2.1%)
    DEGENERATIVE MYELOPATHY   1  (0.2%)   1  (0.4%)   0  (0%)
 
  Skin disorders
    What skin disorders has this dog been diagnosed with?
    PERSISTENT STAPH INFECTION   6  (1.3%)   2  (0.9%)   3  (1.2%)
    SEBORRHEA   2  (0.4%)   1  (0.4%)   1  (0.4%)
    SEBACEOUS ADENITIS   1  (0.2%)   0  (0%)   1  (0.4%)
    OTHER   17  (3.6%)   8  (3.6%)   9  (3.7%)
    FOOD/MEDICINE ALLERGIES   10  (2.1%)   6  (2.7%)   3  (1.2%)
    DEMODECTIC MANGE   3  (0.6%)   1  (0.4%)   2  (0.8%)
    BALDNESS, PATTERN (THROAT AND/OR HIND LEGS)   2  (0.4%)   0  (0%)   2  (0.8%)
    BALDNESS, BARE SKIN (OTHER AREAS)   1  (0.2%)   0  (0%)   1  (0.4%)
    AUTOIMMUNE SKIN DISEASE   2  (0.4%)   0  (0%)   2  (0.8%)
    SEASONAL ALLERGIES   11  (2.3%)   7  (3.1%)   4  (1.6%)
 
  Liver disorders
    What liver disorders has this dog been diagnosed with?
    PORTOSYSTEMIC SHUNTS   2  (0.4%)   2  (0.9%)   0  (0%)
    OTHER   7  (1.5%)   3  (1.3%)   4  (1.6%)
 
  Orthopedic disorders
    What orthopedic disorders has this dog been diagnosed with?
    VERTEBRAL ANOMALIES   3  (0.6%)   2  (0.9%)   1  (0.4%)
    SPONDYLOSIS   2  (0.4%)   1  (0.4%)   1  (0.4%)
    PATELLAR LUXATION   10  (2.1%)   4  (1.8%)   6  (2.5%)
    DOWN ON PASTERNS   6  (1.3%)   3  (1.3%)   3  (1.2%)
    PANOSTEITIS   3  (0.6%)   1  (0.4%)   2  (0.8%)
    OTHER   3  (0.6%)   2  (0.9%)   1  (0.4%)
    HIP DYSPLASIA   43  (9%)   18  (8%)   25  (10.3%)
    ELBOW DYSPLASIA   2  (0.4%)   0  (0%)   2  (0.8%)
    CRUCIATE LIGAMENT RUPTURE   10  (2.1%)   6  (2.7%)   4  (1.6%)
    ARTHRITIS   26  (5.5%)   12  (5.4%)   14  (5.8%)
 
  Blood /Lymph disorders
    What blood or lymphatic system disorders has this dog been diagnosed with?
    PLATELET ABNORMALITY   1  (0.2%)   0  (0%)   1  (0.4%)
    OTHER   4  (0.8%)   3  (1.3%)   1  (0.4%)
    ANEMIA   1  (0.2%)   0  (0%)   1  (0.4%)
    AUTOIMMUNE HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA   10  (2.1%)   4  (1.8%)   6  (2.5%)
 
  Endocrine disorders
    What endocrine disorders has this dog been diagnosed with?
    PANCREATITIS   2  (0.4%)   2  (0.9%)   0  (0%)
    OTHER   1  (0.2%)   1  (0.4%)   0  (0%)
    HYPOTHYROID   22  (4.6%)   15  (6.7%)   7  (2.9%)
    DIABETES MELLITUS   2  (0.4%)   2  (0.9%)   0  (0%)
    CUSHING'S DISEASE   1  (0.2%)   0  (0%)   1  (0.4%)
    ADDISON'S DISEASE   1  (0.2%)   1  (0.4%)   0  (0%)
 
  Kidney disorders
    What kidney disorders has this dog been diagnosed with?
    CHRONIC URINARY TRACT INFECTION   1  (0.2%)   0  (0%)   1  (0.4%)
    OTHER   2  (0.4%)   0  (0%)   2  (0.8%)
 
  Reproductive disorders
    What reproductive disorders has this dog been diagnosed with?
    TESTICULAR ATROPHY   1  (0.2%)   1  (0.4%)   0  (0%)
    STERILITY   6  (1.3%)   4  (1.8%)   2  (0.8%)
    LITTER RESORPTION   4  (0.8%)   0  (0%)   4  (1.6%)
    PYOMETRA   5  (1.1%)   0  (0%)   5  (2.1%)
    PROSTATITIS   4  (0.8%)   4  (1.8%)   0  (0%)
    FALSE PREGNANCY   3  (0.6%)   0  (0%)   3  (1.2%)
    OTHER   6  (1.3%)   2  (0.9%)   4  (1.6%)
    MASTITIS   1  (0.2%)   0  (0%)   1  (0.4%)
    IRREGULAR HEAT CYCLE   4  (0.8%)   0  (0%)   4  (1.6%)
    GENITAL INFECTION   1  (0.2%)   0  (0%)   1  (0.4%)
    ECLAMPSIA   1  (0.2%)   0  (0%)   1  (0.4%)
    CAESARIAN SECTION DELIVERY   7  (1.5%)   0  (0%)   7  (2.9%)
    FAILURE TO CONCEIVE   10  (2.1%)   0  (0%)   10  (4.1%)
 
  Temperament disorders
    What temperament disorders has this dog been diagnosed with?
    TIMID   7  (1.5%)   2  (0.9%)   5  (2.1%)
    FEAR OF STORMS   8  (1.7%)   3  (1.3%)   5  (2.1%)
    SEPARATION ANXIETY   6  (1.3%)   5  (2.2%)   1  (0.4%)
    RAGE SYNDROME   2  (0.4%)   1  (0.4%)   1  (0.4%)
    OTHER   9  (1.9%)   5  (2.2%)   4  (1.6%)
    FEAR OF NOISE   4  (0.8%)   2  (0.9%)   2  (0.8%)
    AGGRESSIVE   8  (1.7%)   7  (3.1%)   1  (0.4%)
 
  Dental disorders
    What dental disorders has this dog been diagnosed with?
    UNDERBITE   17  (3.6%)   8  (3.6%)   9  (3.7%)
    CAUDAL (POSTERIOR) CROSSBITE OF PREMOLAR/MOLAR TEETH   2  (0.4%)   0  (0%)   2  (0.8%)
    OTHER   9  (1.9%)   5  (2.2%)   4  (1.6%)
    MISSING PREMOLAR TEETH   2  (0.4%)   2  (0.9%)   0  (0%)
    ROSTRALLY DISPLACED (LANCE) UPPER CANINE TEETH   1  (0.2%)   0  (0%)   1  (0.4%)
    BASE NARROW CANINE TEETH (LOWER)   2  (0.4%)   0  (0%)   2  (0.8%)
 
  Breeding status
    Has this dog had puppies?
    Y   185  (38.9%)   72  (32.1%)   112  (46.1%)
    N   285  (59.9%)   152  (67.9%)   131  (53.9%)
 
  puppy numbers
    How many puppies has this dog produced?
    OVER 30 PUPPIES   10  (2.1%)   9  (4%)   1  (0.4%)
    FOUR TO 10   82  (17.2%)   30  (13.4%)   51  (21%)
    20 TO 30   15  (3.2%)   11  (4.9%)   4  (1.6%)
    THREE OR FEWER   23  (4.8%)   6  (2.7%)   17  (7%)
    10 TO 20   58  (12.2%)   17  (7.6%)   41  (16.9%)
 
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